Type 1 Diabetes

What Is Type I Diabeties?


Diabeties (or as doctors call it diabeties mellitus) is the disorder of the body to produce enough Insulin to regulate the breakdown of the blood sugar in the human body and is normally categorized in two main and one subcategory– Type I, Type II diabetes and Gestational diabetes.

Type I diabetes is also called Juvenile Diabetes and it occurs because the human body's autoimmune system does not produce enough insulin to combat the foreign bodies entering the bloodstream. It occurs when the immune system of the body starts destroying healthy pancreatic cells located above the kidneys which contain Pancreatic Islets. These Islets produce the harmone Insulin which helps in moving glucose from digestive system to the cells through the bloodstream.

During insufficient production of insulin the glucose stays in the bloodstream and can cause serious damage to the organs. Alternatively, due to its being in the bloodstream, it is flushed out in large quantities thus making the body weak as it is actually not getting any energy.

Type I diabetes patients must take insulin regularly to stay alive and this is done in a number of ways, some of which are insulin injections or insulin pump.