Gestational Diabetes

Problem of Insulin Resistance in Pregnant Women

It is wrongly understood that insulin resistance always results in diabetes and develops only in those who eat excess of sugary foods or those who are overweight. Further, it is wrongfully perceived that insulin resistance is permanent in nature and can not be reversed. The facts mentioned below would explain the real truth behind it.

Why Is Insulin Important?
Insulin is important for the body because it allows the body to absorb glucose into bloodstream. Its levels in the blood is determined by the amount of glucose present in the bloodstream. Insulin levels, then, are usually stable but surge when we eat something sweet.

While occasional surges are acceptable, frequent surges in levels of insulin can lead to blood cells responding less frequently to insulin. This is a problematic situation as the body would then get deprived of the energy that it needs. When left unaddressed, the situation gets complicated with the body reducing the amount of insulin produced. This then results in Type 2 diabetes.

Is Insulin Resistance Permanent?
If there is no inherent genetic factor involved in the patient's case then the answer to the above question is "No". Insulin resistance is slowly but steadily exhibited by the body cells and the change is not genetic, and hence not permanent. By reducing the amount of glucose in blood stream, the effective interaction between insulin and blood cells can be increased.

Insulin Resistance in Pregnant Women
The phenomenon of insulin resistance in pregnant women is on the rise. The main contributor to this trend is the high amount of sugar consumed in diets and the low amount of physical work done during the course of pregnancy.

While zero or severely curtailed mobility is acceptable in the third semester, it has been seen that there is a major imbalance energy consumed and energy spent even in the first two semesters. Desk jobs and automation of life have reduced the demand of physical work on the body. Further, spikes in blood sugar levels are also frequent. The body cells then lose their ability to interact with insulin and thus extract energy.

How Can Women Prevent Insulin Resistance?
To begin with, pregnant women can reduce the amount of complex carbohydrates and starch eaten during meals and snacks. Instead of eating processed foods that are rich in carbohydrates and sugar, they can opt for fresh foods and foods rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. The rise in insulin levels on eating these foods would then be gradual and harmless.

Secondly, pregnant women can increase the utilization of blood glucose by doing some physical work. Different types of physical activities can help their body utilize the glucose inside their bloodstream. This would also allow the body to produce more insulin.