Diabetes Basics

Determining Diabetes, Its Causes, and Symptoms

Diabetes Mellitus or Diabetes is a disease that afflicts millions of people throughout the world today. This is a metabolic anomaly in which the body is not able to regulate the level of glucose in the blood and the urine. It is not able to regulate the level of glucose primarily because of either a lack of insulin or because the body has developed a resistance to insulin.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. Its purpose is to let the body use glucose for energy by moving it from the blood into the cells of the body. A person with diabetes therefore has two major problems. One is that the cells in the body are not able to use the glucose in the blood without the help of insulin administered externally. Two, the level of glucose being constantly high, there is always an attendant risk of damage to the cardiovascular, neural and renal systems.

There are two types of diabetes, namely Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2. The classification is based on the underlying causes of diabetes. Type 1 is characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin and type 2 is the result of the body becoming insensitive to insulin. Although type 1 is a serious condition, it can be controlled and regulated by regular insulin injections, monitoring of diet and exercise.

Type 2 however is a more widespread form of the disease and it is estimated that 90% of people suffering from diabetes have this form of the disease.

Whether it is type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the symptoms are more or less the same. A diabetic will experience excessive thirst, hunger, fatigue, fluctuation in weight, irritability, susceptibility to infection and poor healing of wounds.
Diabetes can be controlled to quite an extent by eliminating bad fats and including more good fats in the diet, exercising regularly and taking regular doses of insulin.