Diabetes Basics

What Causes Diabetes?

The cause of diabetes is yet unknown to all of us. Scientists are working hard to find out the real cause. Find some of the known causes here.

There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children, teenagers or young adults. It is believed that causes of diabetes may be genetics obesity, ethnic issues and the like. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears after the birth of the baby.

The cause of Type 1 Diabetes is thought to be the severe lack of insulin. Because of some of the reasons, your body stops making insulin and as a result develops type 1 diabetes. Scientists believe that people with certain genes develop something in their bodies that destroys the insulin making cells or the insulin itself. Once you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, do undergo the treatment your doctor recommends you. As far as its prevention is concerned, scientists are trying to learn if Type 1 diabetes can be prevented.

Type 2 diabetes develops when your body does not produce enough insulin and/or it does not use it. This is thought to be the real cause of type 2 diabetes. But, what blocks the production of insulin is unknown to the scientists yet. But, it is obvious that eating too much of sweets does not cause Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes tends to run in families and in overweight people.

Its treatment regimen includes intake of the right amount of healthy food, getting regular physical activity, taking the medicines your doctor prescribes, and check up of your blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol. You can also take diabetes pills or insulin shots as part of its treatments. But, remember, prevention is always better than cure.

Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. It becomes apparent during the 24th to 28th week. It is a result of production of the varieties of hormone that have blocking effects on the insulin. As a result of that, there arises a shortage of insulin. You may not have any symptoms, so during your 24th to 28th week, do consult your doctor for the test. If diagnosed with it, go under proper treatments. As for prevention, it is something yet not known.

If we talk about prediabetes, it has been found that people suffer from prediabetes before they develop Type 2 diabetes. People with prediabetes have higher than normal blood sugar, but not high enough to be called as proper diabetics. As per the research, by effecting change in lifestyle, people with prediabetes can prevent or delay diabetes.

There are some other causes of diabetes such as high doses of medications, including steroids and niacin. Some diseases affecting the pancreas can also cause diabetes. Thus it is evident that there is no one obvious cause for all the three types of diabetes. Researches are still on to find the core causes of diabetes and the hope lies in chalking out the same at the earliest.