Diabetes Basics

What Causes Diabeties?


Diabeties, a group of disorders of the human body to produce enough insulin to regulate the breakdown of the blood sugar in the human body, is a disease that can prove to be very fatal, at times. It is normally categorized in two main and one subcategory– Type I, Type II diabeties and Gestational diabeties.

There are numerous factors which lead to diabeties but some of the major ones are listed below:

a) Heredity/ Genetic causes: Though it hasn't been proved beyond doubt, but our genes have a major role to play in most diseases, diabeties being one of them. A person has a 20 % chance of inheriting diabeties if both of his parents have the disorder already. While he has only 2 to 4 % chances of acquiring the disease if only one of the parents has it.

b) Infections: Some viral infections alter the insulin producing Beta cells which make it impossible for the human body to recognize it as its own, thus attacking and destroying them.

c) Food: Its not a crime to eat or drink foods containing a huge amount of sugar as long as your body is producing the requisite amount of insulin. It is only when there is scarcity of insulin in the body that this mechanism becomes a cause of diabeties.

d) Weight/Age: Being overweight and being above 40 are some of the important causes of type II diabeties.

Some of the other factors are- lack of exercise, pregnancy, fatigue, blurry vision, thirst, high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.