Diabetes Basics

What Is Diabetes All About?

1) Almost 20.8 million people in the United States, that is 7 % of the total population is feared to be suffering from diabetes.

2) 14.6 million people out of these 20.8 million have been diagnosed with the disease while 6.2 million are still in the ignorance state.

3) Looking at these stats, age wise, you will find that about 1.5 million of these people are 20 or above. While 1 in every 400 to 600 below 18 has type 1 diabetes.

Diabetes is one of the metabolic disorders (of the endocrine system). It is related with blood and has many signs and symptoms such as excessive discharge of urine, persistent thirst and weakening of eyesight.

Now, let's see how it happens. Most of the food that we eat is broken down into glucose which is the prime source of fuel for the body. Glucose passes into the bloodstream just after the digestion, where it is used by cells for growth and energy. But, for this process to continue, the presence of insulin is required which is produced by the pancreas.

It is the insulin that moves glucose from blood into our cells. But, when the pancreas either produce little or no insulin, or the cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin produced then glucose starts building up in the blood. As a result it starts overflowing in the urine, thus passing out of the body. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel despite the presence of large amounts of glucose in it's bloodstream.

There are three main types of diabetes:
1) Type 1 Diabetes
2) Type 2 diabetes
3) Gestational diabetes

The specific causes of diabetes are not yet known but genetics and obesity are amongst the other additional ones. There are many ways to diagnose and treat diabetes. For better diagnosis and treatments, clear understanding of signs and symptoms of diabetes is of essence.

Diabetes is not contagious. You can not catch it from other people. At the same time, it is very difficult to determine whom it may catch hold of. It is nothing short of a disaster for diabetics, that it is a life-long disease. Even if you undergo treatment in the form of medication, diet change and exercise, it is hard to get rid of it. But, proper information and understanding can help you manage your diabetes well.