Diabetes Basics

What You Must Know About Insulin Resistance


Insulin resistance is a worrying condition that can lead to the development of many serious ailments such as high blood pressure and cholesterol. Thus, it's very important to understand the same and seek out treatment plans to affect a quick recovery.

Insulin resistance can be defined as the body's inability to process glucose. In this condition, the pancreas either is incapable of releasing adequate insulin; or the cells become resistant to it. Either ways, the body is unable to use the much required glucose for energy and therefore, cannot function normally.

Ageing is one of the top reasons for insulin resistance within the body. With age, our body processes become slower and less efficient, and the pancreas is no exception. It is affected by the same and produces lesser quantities of insulin with each passing year. Being overweight or obese can also render the pancreas less capable of releasing adequate amounts of the hormone. Furthermore, recent evidence has corroborated this claim by revealing a link between fat cells and reduced effectiveness of insulin. As a result, a person with more fat cells than muscle cells will have a harder time assimilating glucose.

Additional fat around the mid or abdominal section of the body can also lead to insulin resistance. Known as visceral fat, the extra tire around the belly can prove to be very resistant to the effects of insulin and may eventually trigger hyperglycemia. Moreover, the level of insulin resistance is directly proportional to the amount of fat in the area. Over the time, it could result in the development of other serious ailments such as high blood pressure or cardiovascular disease.

Those leading sedentary lifestyles; may be more vulnerable to this condition than others.  This is because the body is incapable of using insulin effectively without sufficient amount of activities each day. Experts recommend a minimum of 30 minutes exercise for at least 5 days a week to keep the heart healthy. The same amount of workout can also help mitigate chances of insulin resistance.

Certain medications may also increase the risk of developing the condition. Of these, drugs used to treat mental ailments such as bipolar disease are considered to have a negative impact on the body's ability to use insulin. Steroids may also have the same effect.

Genetics and family history have a crucial role to play in insulin resistance as well. Certain races and communities such as African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans and Pacific Islanders, are more susceptible to type 2 diabetes. A family history of high blood sugar can also make individuals more vulnerable to the same.

Fortunately for some people, insulin resistance can be reversed or prevented successfully. While it's not possible to increase the production of insulin within the body; a steady diet coupled with an efficient workout regimen, can help make a considerable difference to the body's ability to use glucose effectively.