Gestational Diabetes

For Better Motherhood, Keep a Check on Gestational Diabetes!

When body is unable to produce insulin, a necessary hormone required to convert food into energy, it is known as diabetes and when this situation occurs in woman during pregnancy, it is known as gestational diabetes which is suffered by three to five percent of all pregnancies. When body is unable to produce insulin, a necessary hormone required to convert food into energy, it is known as diabetes and when this situation occurs in woman during pregnancy, it is known as gestational diabetes which is suffered by three to five percent of all pregnancies.

Gestational diabetes is different from type 1 and type II diabetes. It develops between 20 – 24 weeks of pregnancy due to changes in hormone production of the body. Our body produces a variety of hormones through the placenta which have various functions to perform apart from those required to produce nutrients to the baby. Some of the hormones produced have a blocking effect on the insulin, which increases as the size of the placenta increases. Some pregnancies can overcome this shortage and some cannot which forms into gestational diabetes. It can occur due to obesity, previously given birth to a large baby or a baby with some birth defect, diabetes in the family history and others.

This can be controlled with the help of the following :
Proper meal planning :
where one should know what and how much the intake should be to maintain a leveled glucose, specially a diet high in fiber and starch and low in fat and sugar.
Insulin injections:
Oral medications have not proved to be appropriate, thus insulin injections are the best remedy. Timings and the dosage are very important.
Self monitoring of the blood glucose levels:
This monitoring can be done at home with the help of a self help monitor available at medical shops. The monitoring should be done frequently to maintain a check on the rise of blood glucose levels. The patient herself can do this as per the requirement of her body.
Control and treatment of hypoglycemia:
Which means low glucose levels, which needs to be administered as it could be harmful for the baby.
Level of physical activity:
Moderate physical activity is recommended, which makes you feel better and helps maintain the glucose levels at the same time.All this should be planned with the help of your doctor and dietician to cover a safe pregnancy.