Diabetes Diet

Stick to balanced diet, if want to get rid of Diabetes

The disease usually occurs after the age of 40. There are two types of diabetes which could be discussed as follow: The type one diabetes is associated with lack of insulin in the body. Since the body is supposed to produce enough insulin and failing which normal blood glucose level cannot be maintained, this leads to hyperglycemia. The condition results in overabundance of sugar in the blood and is considered to be dangerous causing further side effects.

The second type of diabetes is much common as compared to type one and it develops later in life when people usually gain weight. This happens because of wrong eating habits and lack of physical activities. In this type heredity plays a very important role and it is due to resistance to insulin rather than lack of insulin. It results in elevated blood sugar level.

People suffering from second type of diabetes must follow some regulations in their life. They need to maintain their body weight and follow a special diabetic diet.  A regular exercise regime that keeps your body fit and healthy must be included in daily routine. However, people suffering from second type of diabetes must take medication prescribed by the doctor. The doctor has to examine the condition well and make note of your weight. Since the ideal weight differs from person to person and depends on one’s skeletal and genetic factors, you should keep a regular tracking of the weight. To maintain the ideal weight, the doctor can motivate the patient to help maintain it.

Walking is also an essential part of exercise which can be followed by the patient on regular basis. The exercise is very beneficial for the patients specially falling under the type second. The patient has to follow the medication recommended by the doctor. It is also necessary for the diabetic patients to take a balanced diet which can be a 1500-1800 calorie per day. This is very helpful to maintain ideal body weight.

Weight can vary from person to person considering his age, sex, activities level and body type. People who are more obese must try to work hard and reduce excess weight. However, it could be done step by step as immediate weight loss at a faster speed  may compound the problem. To maintain desirable level, these people must take 50% carbohydrates on the daily basis since the lower carbohydrate intake will promote lower sugar levels in the body. So, it has become an established fact that a low calorie diet benefits the person as compared to higher fat diet, however, to make up for the loss, you can have mono unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats for the body.

It is also better to keep a track of counting the carbohydrates that you consume daily. Each gram of carbohydrate is equal to 4 calories. A diabetic on a 1600 calorie diet must get 50% of these calories which amounts to 800 calories or 200 gm of carbohydrates per day. You must form a food table that can help to manage your diet plan. Some of the low calorie foods are bouillon or broth,  mineral water, club soda, coffee, tea, soft drinks, drink mixes that are sugar-free, sugar- free tonic water, sugar free candies, sugar-free Jell-O, sugar-free gum, jam or jelly, light or low-sugar and sugar free syrups. It is equally important to check the nutritional value in the foods so that they are not high in calories. Patients can also consume fruit regardless of the sugar content.

It is advised that a diabetic patient must eat five portions of fruit and vegetables every day. Some fruits have a lower glycogenic index, which affects the blood glucose level. Eating lots of fruit adds to good heath and weight loss. Consume good amount of vegetables to increase essential vitamins and minerals in the diet. Fruits and vegetables detoxify the body by flushing the toxins from the system. The basic motive is to reduce excess weight by maintaining the required energy level in the body.
Apart from diet, it is best to follow doctor’s medication strictly. The doctor must understand the patient’s condition and advise suitably.