Symptoms Of Diabetes

Diagnosing Type I Diabetes

Type I is the most serious type of diabetes and is also called Juvenile Diabetes because it usually occurs in children and young adults. The most common cause of Type I diabetes is the beta cell loss leading to autoimmune destruction, accompanied by antibodies directed against insulin and islet cell proteins and thus leading to type 1 diabetes. It is caused by genetic and environmental factors and affects 2 to 3 % of the diabetic population.

Some of the symptoms normally noticed in Type I diabetes are as below:

1) Frequent urination mostly at night is the most important symptom but most people neglect it and leave it till late to consult a doctor.

2) Sudden weight loss. If someone is constantly losing weight despite not being on a diet coupled with urination, he should consult a doctor immediately.

3) The most common indication that a person has diabetes is when wounds heal slowly, especially in the feet and ankle area.

4) Blurred vision, lack of sensation on the skin and itching of the hands and feet are also very important symptoms that a person should not ignore and should consult the doctor immediately if he is suffering from these symptoms and get the blood sugar level checked.

The diagnosis of Type I diabetes is normally done on the basis of the onset of the symptoms outlined above particularly excessive urination and excessive thirst accompanied by sudden weight loss. These symptoms worsen in a matter of weeks and by the time the blood tests are done almost 20 to 25 % of the patients start experiencing diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).

These are only some of the methods used by doctors that may or may not diagnose some type of complications so, whenever someone experiences these symptoms, a doctor should always be consulted.