Diabetes Treatment

Treatment And Medication For Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic and progressive disease which is diagnosed in patients having Type 2 diabetes symptoms that include:

1) Frequent urination, mostly at night.
2) Sudden and undefined weight loss.
3) Slow healing wounds, especially in the feet and ankle area.
4) Blurred vision.
5) Lack of sensation on the skin and itching of the hands and feet.
6) Increased thirst during the night.
7) Erectile dysfunction.
8) Increased unreasonable fatigue.

Now that was about symptoms. If we come down to the treatment for type 2 diabetes, it is basically two pronged:

1) Reducing mortality and failure of functional organs by removing excess glucose from the bloodstream.
2) Preserving the lifestyle of the patient.

The first function of preserving the life and functional organs can be achieved through close blood glucose level controls and the reduction in diabetic complications which occurs with type 2 diabetes such as cardiovascular attacks, degeneration of kidneys and pancreas.

The second function can also be achieved by having a competent and knowledgeable support and care team of diabetic health workers which may help you in coordinating a balanced diet and an exercise regime to keep the blood sugar level normal (80-120 mg per decilitre).

Type 2 is initially treated by adjusting diet and exercise and by weight loss, especially in obese or overweight patients. Any amount of weight loss can substantially restore insulin sensitivity which helps in prolonging the life of the patient. When the above treatment doesn't seem to work then Oral Antidiabetic drugs like:

a) sulphonylureas
b) Biguanides (metformin)
c) Thiazolidinediones
d) ?-glucosidase inhibitors (acarbose, miglitol)
e) Meglitinides (nateglinide, repaglinide and their analogues)

Exenatide are prescribed by the physician in various amounts depending upon the severity of the patient. Moreover, if all these treatment options fail, an insulin therapy may be prescribed to control the blood sugar level and thus the patient may progress from only oral to a combination of oral and Insulin based treatment.