Diabetes Treatment

Glucophage for Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is usually of two types- Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease which results in the destruction of insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is more of a metabolic disorder in which the body cells are not able to absorb blood sugar. Hence, the result is a phenomenal rise in blood sugar levels.

It has been claimed that Type 1 diabetes does not have a cure, that the tendency of our body to recognize its own parts as hostile cannot be reversed. So far, no medical research has been able to prove beyond doubt the contrary of this opinion. Hence, Type 1 diabetes is considered to be a more serious threat to life than Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by either the body's inability to respond to insulin or a deficiency of insulin in the body. Unlike Type 1, Type 2 diabetes is something which can be treated with the help of medications. One example of such a medicine is Glucophage. It is a popular oral antidiabetic employed for treatment of Type 2 diabetes. 

How does Glucophage help?
Glucophage is administered orally. It does not stimulate any increased production of insulin in our body. Instead, on entering the body it works to lower the amount of sugar present in blood. It reduces the amount of sugar produced and absorbed in our blood, thereby allowing the body to respond to its own insulin in a much effective manner.

How it is supposed to be taken?
Glucophage is a medication which only supplements your diet. It cannot, on its own, reduce the amount of blood sugar inside our body as it is not insulin. However, it is administered alone. On other occasions, it is prescribed along with insulin or certain other oral antidiabetic drugs. The medication comes in pill-form and is taken twice or thrice in a day.

Are there any side-effects to the medication?
While it has been seen that the medication has no side-effects, on occasions it can bring about a situation called lactic acidosis. It is characterized by an increase in lactic acid which leads to the emergence of following physical responses: low body temperature, extreme weakness or tiredness, dizziness, rapid breathing or trouble breathing, light-headedness, unexpected or unusual stomach discomfort, sleepiness, unusual muscle pain, slow or irregular heartbeat.

These symptoms would not occur in all cases. The most likely cases wherein they can occur include those people whose kidneys or liver are not functioning properly. Further, people who suffered congestive heart failure and those who suffer from multiple medical problems, are on multiple medications are also likely to show above mentioned symptoms on consumption of Glucophage. The risk multiplies in cases when the patient is older in age or when one consumes copious amount of alcohol.

Lactic acidosis is to be treated as a medical emergency. The patient must be taken to a hospital immediately after any of the above symptoms set in.