Diabetes Mellitus

Know It All About Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which the body is not able to control the amount of sugar in the blood. As a consequence, the level of blood sugar in the body rises above normal.

Insulin is the name of the hormone that is responsible for controlling the level of sugar in the blood. It is produced by the beta cells of the pancreas. Diabetes can be due to either a lack of insulin or an insensitivity that the body develops towards the functioning of insulin over a period of time.

Diabetes due to the first condition that is mentioned above is known as type 1 diabetes. Also known as insulin-dependant or juvenile diabetes, type 1 diabetes usually affects individuals as children, but is also known to affect adults.

Type 1 diabetes is characterized by little or no insulin production by the pancreas. As a result, the body is not able to utilize the blood glucose properly and the serum glucose levels rise above normal. There is no known or established cure for Type 1 diabetes and it is a lifelong condition.

In case of type 1 diabetes, the patient suffers from excessive urination and excessive hunger and thirst and weight loss besides other symptoms. The condition requires treatment with external doses of insulin to keep blood sugar levels in check and possibly other medications that help to control blood sugar levels.

Diabetes is a debilitating condition that can have serious if not fatal consequences. It is essential that the disease be diagnosed as early in its lifecycle as is possible. Diabetes can result tin loss of vision, stoke, kidney failure, cardio-vascular disease and injury to the limbs.

Early diagnosis, treatment and management can help to mitigate some of the consequences of diabetes and help patients to live a near to normal life.