Diabetes Basics

Diabetes– a High Level of Sugar in the Body

There are a number of factors that add up to the functioning of the human body. Every mechanism has an important role to play and the non- functioning of any of them could lead to a variety of problems.

Now, at this point we can discuss the importance of insulin in our body which is a hormone that is necessary to convert sugar, starch and necessary foods into energy. Thus diabetes is a life long and a chronic disease in which high level of sugar is found in blood and urine. The body cannot produce insulin, better known as the type 1 diabetes and in second case the body cannot use the insulin which is produced by the pancreas, known as type 2 diabetes and thus is unable to control the amount of sugar in the blood which leads to various problems such as heart stroke, numbness, coma, kidney failure which is the most common failure found among diabetes patients, which covers almost 20% of all the diabetes patients.

To define and explain it more explicitly, we can say that whenever we eat food, our pancreas produces a hormone called insulin which helps to extract the glucose content from our food, which is the main source of energy for our body and is sent to the various parts of our body to function. But when in particular cases, depending upon the body, the body cannot properly store or use the glucose formed from the food due to the systems incapacity to produce insulin or in other cases the body tissues cannot resist the insulin, thus the body does not get the required amount of energy.

There is no age limitation to this disease as it can strike to children, adults and those above 40 are the most common victims.

Diabetes is not any kind of infection and is not at all contagious. It requires to be looked after in the form of exercises, healthy diet, and medication.