Diabetes Basics

How Diabetes Affects Your Vision?

Diabetes is a health condition that is accompanied with numerous health risks some of which can be as fatal as a heart stroke. Apart from other adverse effects that diabetes can have on your overall health, your vision can also be affected. Approximately 80% diabetics who have been dealing with the condition for over ten years or more suffer from vision problems also known as diabetes retinopathy.

Diabetes retinopathy primarily refers to the damage of retina as a result of diabetes. As a result of diabetes, small blood vessels develop in the retina. These blood vessels also known as microaneurysms start leaking blood. As a result of this blood leakage, new blood vessels begin to develop. This process of development of new blood vessels is known as neovascularization. But these new blood vessels too tend to become weak and start leaking blood.

As a result of this constant blood leaks, the retina of the eye is damaged. This damage caused is irreversible and cannot be rectified. Damage to the retina subsequently results in vision loss. A recent study indicates that American adults who fall in the age bracket of 20 to 65 years suffering from diabetes are most susceptible to losing their vision.

While Diabetes can hamper your vision and also result in complete loss of vision, the problem can be successfully avoided provided you act on time. Taking few preventive measures will help avoid the problem in advance. One of the most important things that you can do to avoid vision problems is control your blood sugar levels.

It is a proven fact that people with controlled diabetes are less prone to vision problems as compared to the ones who have uncontrolled diabetes. Thus, it is advised that you keep your diabetes in control by adhering to a proper lifestyle. Eat a healthy and well balanced diet that is rich in fiber. Regular exercising also helps control blood sugar levels. In addition, you can also take help of various medications.

Diagnosing the problem at an early stage could prevent blindness. Since diabetes retinopathy has no warning signs or symbols, diagnosing the problem before it occurs can be slightly difficult. It is for this reason that people suffering from diabetes must get their eye test done at least once in a year. This will help detect possible chances of diabetes retinopathy at an earlier stage.

Treating diabetic retinopathy before it reaches advanced stages can reduce the chances of blindness to a great extent. There are various treatment options for diabetes retinopathy. Laser surgery also known as vitrectomy is one of the most popular treatment choices.

Though diabetes retinopathy can be a serious condition, it can be avoided provided you act on time.