Diabetes Basics

Highs And Lows Of Blood Sugar

Blood sugar levels, whether high or low can pose a serious health problem for you. Here is all that you need to know about the highs and lows of blood sugar.

Low blood sugar
Sometimes your blood sugar levels may drop to extremely low levels. This condition is known as hypoglycemia. There can be several factors that may be responsible for extremely low blood sugar levels. Some of these factors include eating too little and exercising more than required. Excessive intake of medications for diabetes may also be a cause of low blood sugar levels.


* Sweating
* Confusion
* Anxiety
* Trouble sleeping
* Nervousness
* Sleepiness

Dealing with low blood sugar levels is not that difficult. Simply consuming anything that is high on sugar will help deal with the problem. You can take two to three glucose tablets or a few pieces of hard candy. Drinking half a cup of fresh fruit juice also helps.

Give your body some time to ingest the sugar you have consumed. Check your blood sugar levels again after 15 minutes of consuming sugar rich foods. If your blood pressure levels continue to remain low, you must consult a doctor at the earliest.

High blood sugar
Though there are countless people who deal with the problem of high blood sugar, there are some cases where the sugar levels may be dangerously high. Extremely high blood sugar levels may lead to two life threatening conditions- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS) and Ketoacidosis.

Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS) is a condition caused due to high blood sugar levels and is mostly seen in the elderly. It is primarily caused as a result of missing medicines. However, sometimes HHNS may also be a result of some kind of infection. People suffering from this condition feel the urge to urinate quite frequently. This is because the body flushes the excessive sugar in the form of urine. Since you will be urinating often, it is suggested that you drink plenty of liquids to avoid dehydration.

Another condition caused due to extremely high blood sugar levels is Ketoacidosis. When your diabetes is out of control, the ketones or the acids in your blood starts building up. This condition is life threatening and can lead to diabetic coma or even death.

Ketoacidosis is accompanied by several symptoms. Some of these symptoms include extreme thirst, dry skin, high blood glucose, nausea, heavy breathing and the like. Since Ketoacidosis is fatal, it is important that you check your blood sugar levels frequently. In case your blood sugar levels are higher than 240 mg/dL, you must check your blood sugar every four to six hours. The frequency of checking the blood sugar levels should be even higher if you are ill.

Considering the numerous ill effects that both high and low blood sugar level can bring along, it is important that you strive to keep your blood sugar in control.