Diabetes Basics

How Does Diabetes Happen?

Everyone knows that the human body constantly needs fuel in the form of food to keep going. Any disruption of the energy supply chain to the human body can cause irreparable damages to the organs and may even cause illness and death.

Digestion is the process by which our body breaks down the food we eat into smaller pieces so that it can be absorbed by the body and the food we eat is divided into three categories– carbohydrates, fatty acids and proteins. All the three types of foods are ultimately broken down into glucose or blood sugar by a hormone present in the body called insulin that is manufactured by the pancreas. The pancreatic cells which manufacture insulin are called Beta Cells and they normally produce more than enough insulin to take care of our body.

Our bodies use this insulin to absorb the blood sugar into our cells. When the body is not able to produce enough insulin due to genetic and environmental factors it causes the glucose to remain in the bloodstream causing harm to most of the organs.

Diabetes is that bodily disorder which does not produce enough insulin to regulate the breakdown of the blood sugar in the human body. If a person is diabetic, either his cells have become insulin resistant, or his body may not be producing enough insulin. In this situation, the glucose will not be absorbed by the cells and will get accumulated in the bloodstream and harm other organs of the body.

Diabetes is normally categorized in two main and one subcategory– Type I, Type II diabetes and Gestational diabetes. Both Type I and II are chronic in nature (they cannot be cured but can only be treated) and gestational diabetes is normally a passing phase which occurs during ends after the mother gives birth to the child.