Diabetes Basics

Three Types Of Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus is defined as a metabolic disorder which is characterized by the high glucose level in blood. This is known as hyperglycemia. There are three types of diabetes. These three types of diabetes are:

* Type 1 diabetes
* Type 2 diabetes
* Gestational diabetes

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Type 1 diabetes also called juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune disease. Diabetes symptoms of type 1 include increased thirst and urination, blurred vision, weight loss, constant hunger and extreme fatigue.

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas usually produces sufficient insulin, but for some reasons, our body is not able to use the insulin, causing insulin resistance. The result is that glucose builds up in our blood and the body is not able to make efficient use of its main source of fuel. About 90 to 95 percent people with diabetes are suffering from diabetes type 2. This type of diabetes is related with old age, family history, obesity, physical inactivity, food habits and ethnicity. The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. Symptoms include frequent urination, fatigue or nausea, unusual thirst, blurred vision, weight loss, frequent infections and slow healing of sores and wounds.

Both Type I and II are chronic in nature. Whereas, Gestational diabetes is normally a passing phase which occurs during pregnancy and ends after the mother gives birth to the child.