Diabetes Basics

Understand Insulin Resistance

Insulin hormone is produced by the beta cells. These cells are scattered throughout the pancreas. The insulin produced is released into the blood stream and it travels throughout the body. It is an important hormone that has many actions within the body. The prime action of insulin is directed at metabolism (control) of carbohydrates (sugars and starches), lipids (fats), and proteins. Insulin is also important in regulating the cells of the body, including their growth. For further details, read Identify The Symptoms Of Diabetes In Time.

Insulin resistence is a condition in which the cells of the body become resistant to the effects of insulin, i.e. the normal response to a given amount of insulin is reduced. As a result, higher levels of insulin are needed to produce noticeable effects. The resistance is seen with both the body’s own insulin (endogenous) and that given through injection (exogenous).

There are probably varied causes of insulin resistence. One factor which is thought to be a strong reason is the genetic factor. Insulin resistance can also be caused by diabetes medication. It may also be a result of conditions such as, the metabolic syndrome, obesity, pregnancy, infection or severe illness, and stress among others.

Type 2 diabetes is the type of diabetes that occurs later in life. Insulin resistance precedes the development of type 2 diabetes, sometimes by years. People suffering from type ii diabetes are believed to have normal blood glucose and insulin levels for many years; then at some point of time, insulin resistance develops. To know more about diabetes health, insulin, and diabetes information, you can contact American Diabetes Association.