Diabetes Basics

Understanding Diabetes

The food that we eat is metabolized and converted into glucose. The cells and tissues of our body utilize glucose for repair, maintenance and growth. The hormone called insulin that is produced by the pancreas has the primary role to allow glucose to move from the blood to the cells of the body.

In the event, the pancreas fail to produce this hormone, the cells of the body are not able to utilize glucose effectively for repair and nourishment. As a result, the blood glucose level rises above normal. This condition is called as diabetes. To be more specific, the insufficiency of insulin that is required to regulate blood sugar levels is termed as Type 1 diabetes.

Another form of diabetes is a result of the body’s inability to utilize the insulin to convert glucose into energy. This form is called as type 2 diabetes. Diabetes may also take place as a temporary condition during pregnancy or gestation.

Whether it is type 1, type 2 or gestational diabetes, the consequences of this medical condition can be serious and often fatal, especially if treatment and management is not carried out properly. Diabetes may result in eye problems, stroke, kidney related problems, cardiovascular disease and damage to the extremities in the feet and hands.

Diabetes results in impaired circulation and as a result, even small cuts or bruises take a long time to heal.

It is a medical condition that requires regular watch over blood sugar levels, administration of insulin and other drugs to keep blood sugar levels in check. It is essential for a diabetic patient to take medicines on time and to lead a disciplined and regulated life. A well-controlled diet with very few sugary foods and simple carbs is essential to keep blood sugar levels in check.

It is equally important for a diabetic patient to exercise and keep weight in check.