Diabetes Basics

What Is Diabetes Mellitus?

In medical terminology, diabetes is called Diabetes Mellitus. About 15 million Americans have been suffering from diabetes presently. The biggest problem is that as many as forty percent of them are not aware of the disease.

The studies show that about twenty million people have pre diabetes Mellitus. They get this because of high blood glucose levels which are caused by obesity. Lack of exercise and improper diet also lead to high blood glucose levels. As per the medical science reports, more than one hundred eighty thousand people may die this year all over the world due to diabetes.

In order to monitor the insulin in your body, it is important to maintain the glucose level in your body. The food which you consume contains natural glucose which is also called simple sugar. Glucose gives energy to the body on regular basis and needs regulation in the blood stream which is done by the pancreas. Since pancreas produces insulin, the more glucose intake increases in the body, the more insulin is released by the pancreas to regulate it. The main problem starts when the body fails to produce the amount of insulin you need or does not produce enough insulin.

High level of blood sugar in the body does an instant damage causing blurred vision and the person could become blind completely. It can damage kidneys, hand and feet leading to death in some cases, too. You need to take the measures to prevent these and have to treat the disease in a proper way. Type one diabetes needs insulin injections on daily basis. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas produces no insulin at all to control the blood sugar level. Such person cannot survive without daily injection shots. This is also called IDDM [insulin dependent diabetes Mellitus]. As many as ten percent diabetic people are suffering from this type.

Type two diabetes is called non insulin dependent diabetes Mellitus. This happens when pancreas cannot produce enough insulin. This is present in almost ninety percent diabetic cases and they are mostly above 40 years of age. Genetics plays an important role in type two diabetes.