Diabetes Basics

What Is Reactive Hypoglycemia?


The deficiency of glucose in blood leads to the disease called hypoglycemia. Often diabetic patients, in spite of taking diabetes medications and following strict dietary rules, suffer from this ailment.

People who are not diabetics may also suffer from hypoglycemia. In such cases the condition may be caused by huge time gap between meals, fasting, forced starvation or quite simply imbalanced nutrition

Reactive hypoglycemia is a sudden and acute outburst of the symptoms of hypoglycemia. Sometime it may occur  4-5 hours after taking a meal. Some of the symptoms associated with hypoglycemia are hunger, perspiration, nervousness, dizziness, confusion, anxiety, depression, weakness, sleepiness, headache and hypotension.

It is very difficult to understand the cause of reactive hypoglycemia. There has been some hypothesis and theories, but they have not been totally and conclusively proved. The reasons of this disease vary from person to person. There are theories which suggest that due to excessive insulin production, the glucose level in the blood is reduced. While another school of medical science believes that some people are extraordinarily sensitive to the natural release of a hormone called epinephrine. This is  responsible for causing many of the symptoms of hypoglycemia. Some other researchers believe that deficiency of glucagon, the hormone protecting low blood sugar may be the cause of reactive hypoglycemia.

Whatever may be the reasons of reactive hypoglycemia, it is important to understand that the systems of this condition are so generic that it is difficult to diagnose hypoglycemia just on their basis. That is why the doctors always test the sugar level first, whenever they suspect reactive hypoglycemia. These tests are done to diagnose the exact nature of disease, the person is suffering from. These tests are also done to reduce the possibility of wrong medication. In case drugs which are meant to control hypoglycemia are administered to a patient who is not suffering from the condition, then serious side effects may result.