Type 1 Diabetes

Urine Analysis for Diagnosing Blood Sugar Levels and Onset of Diabetes

Urine analysis is a mapping of chemical composition of urine. It is a screening test which is an effective method of ascertaining the stage of diabetes mellitus. However, a majority of doctors prescribe it to find out the route cause of a number of diseases.

Urine Analysis for Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus, otherwise known as simply diabetes, is a symptom of disordered metabolism resulting in an increased amount of blood sugar. Its cause could vary from environmental factors to hereditary causes. Diabetes itself is of two types- Type 1 and Type 2. People who are diagnosed with either of the two are asked to undergo yearly urine tests for microalbumina.

Urine Analysis- Its Types
Urine analysis for diabetes is usually of two types- chemical analysis and macroscopic (visual) analysis. The former is used for a more in depth analysis of urine (i.e. to test the levels of microalbumina) whereas the latter is more indicative in nature (colour and quantity in Type 1 diabetes). Of the two, it is the former which is a more concrete indicator of diabetes.

Urine Test for Microalbuminuria
The need to perform urine test in diabetes is the fact that the body tries to remove excess levels of sugar in the bloodstream. Kidneys have to work overtime and in a more advanced stage of diabetes they get damaged (called microalbuminuria). When this happens, the role performed by the kidney reverses. It is no longer the blood impurities which are passed in urine but vital protein.

Measuring the levels of protein (albumin) then indicates the stage of the test subject's diabetes. The following tabulated results would provide you with a more accurate indication:
* 300 mg or more means an advance stage of kidney disease.
* 30 mg to 299 mg mean an early stage of microalbuminuria.
* 30 mg is considered normal.

How is Urine Analysis Performed?
Urine analysis begins with the collection of specimen. The method to collect the sample is different for men and women. However, the common point between the two is that the method first involves cleaning the tip of the urinary tract so that any accumulated composites do not enter the specimen.

Once the tract is cleaned with cleansing swipes, individuals are asked to pass urine. Ideally, urine passed for the first few seconds is not to be collected as it may not have what laboratory technicians might be looking for. These chemicals appear only after 5 to 6 seconds which are then collected in a clean sample cup. The amount collected is about 10-15 ml. The sample should be taken for analysis within an hour or else the chemicals would start to decompose.