Diabetes Care

Types Of Insulin

Insulin is the hormone that breaks down large food molecules like fats, carbohydrates and proteins into smaller ones like glucose to be absorbed easily by the cells present in our body. In Diabetes, this hormone is not produced in sufficient quantities or not produced at all and the bloodstream gets overloaded with sugar molecules which damage major organs.

There are many different types of insulin for many different situation and lifestyle. Each insulin differs in how it is made and how it works in the body.

Diabetes testing helps in guiding diabetes nutrition for diabetes care. The idea of insulin treatment is to maintain the blood sugar level between 80-120 mg per decilitre without using too much or too less, along with accommodating the lifestyle of the patient keeping in mind diabetes diet.

The types of insulin include:
    * Short acting- Short-acting insulin reaches bloodstream in 30 minutes after injection and stays effective till 3-6 hours.   
    * Rapid acting- Rapid-acting insulin begin to work after about 5 minutes and it works fro 2-4 hours.
    * Long acting- Long-acting insulin reaches bloodstream in 6-10 hours and stays effective for 20-26 hours.
    * Intermediate acting- Intermediate-acting insulin reaches bloodstream in 2-4 hours and stay effective for 12-18 hours.
    * Pre-mixed- Pre-mixed insulin is useful for people who face trouble preparing the dosage.
 
For diabetes treatment, diabetes symptoms of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are kept in mind so that proper diabetes medication can be administered.