Juvenile Diabetes

How to Help Children Suffering From Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that may affect children and adults alike. It is a medical condition that results in high levels of blood sugar. Insulin a hormone that is produced by the pancreas is required to regulate blood sugar levels and allow the cells of the body to utilize glucose for repair and maintenance.

Diabetes mellitus as the disease is called scientifically is brought about by either the insufficiency of insulin or the body’s resistance to insulin. The first type of diabetes is known as Type 1 diabetes and the second type is known as Type 2 or acquired diabetes. Type 2 diabetes very rarely affects a child and it is prevalent only in the adult population.

Both these forms of diabetes result in a high blood sugar level and require external medication by insulin and a regulation of diet and exercise.

A child with type 1 diabetes requires a lot of care and monitoring. The first thing that is required is that parents explain the condition to a child, encourage, and support them. Apart from making sure that a child receives an insulin injection in time and is careful about diet, a parent should explain to the child the need for the changed lifestyle that the child to which the child has to adapt.

A diabetic child needs to have a support system in place. The child by the age of 7 years should be able to take their own blood tests, and administer injections in cases of emergencies. Such a child should also realize the warning signs of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia and take corrective action accordingly.

The most important thing that is required is to boost the child’s sense of self-confidence and self worth and motivate the child to feel that he or she is not any different from other children. Once this is done in childhood, children will be able to lead a normal life during the difficult teen years and be able to take care of themselves.