Juvenile Diabetes

Treatments For Juvenile Diabetes


Juvenile diabetes is, in fact Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is called Juvenile Diabetes as it usually begins in childhood. Children with diabetes have to give insulin to themselves. Juvenile diabetes is, in fact a condition in which the pancreas do not make insulin. When a person with diabetes takes insulin, he is doing the job that the pancreas can't do anymore. Insulin is injected into the body with a needle. When the insulin goes into the body, it works just like the natural insulin secreted by the pancreas, bringing glucose from the blood into the body's cells so that the body can use it for food and function normally. There are several treatments for Juvenile diabetes. Some of them are as follows:

Diet
Diet is also used along with insulin to treat diabetes. It means eating healthy foods and not going overboard with sweets. Physicians and dietitians figure out how many carbohydrates a kid with diabetes needs at meals and snacks (carbohydrates are the energy sources in food that the body turns into sugars). They also decide how much insulin he needs to take. Balancing the right amount of insulin with the food that he eats, helps keep his blood sugar at a healthy level.

Meal planning for type 1 diabetes requires consistency to allow food and insulin to work together to regulate blood glucose levels. If meals and insulin are out of balance, extreme variations in blood glucose can occur.

Physical Activity
Regular exercise is especially important for a diabetic, as it helps control the amount of sugar in the blood and helps burn excess calories and fat to achieve optimal weight.

Juvenile diabetes kids must take special precautions before, during and after participation in intense physical activity or exercise. In fact, exercise is good for everybody. It helps kids with juvenile diabetes control their blood sugar, and keeps their bodies in good shape.

Insulin
Insulin lowers blood sugar by allowing it to leave the blood stream and enter cells. Everyone needs insulin. The bodies of juvenile diabetics can't make insulin on their own, therefore they are required to take insulin every day.

Insulin is injected under the skin using a syringe, or in some cases, an infusion pump delivers the insulin continuously. It is not available in an oral form. Insulin preparations differ in how fast they start to work and how long they last. The health care professional reviews blood glucose levels to determine the appropriate type of insulin the person should use. More than one type of insulin may be mixed together in an injection to achieve the best control of blood glucose.

The immediate goals of the treatment are to treat diabetic ketoacidosis (also called DKA) and high blood glucose levels. Because of the sudden onset and severity of symptoms in type 1 diabetes, treatment for newly diagnosed people may involve hospitalization. The long-term goals of treatment aim towards prolonging life, reducing symptoms, and preventing diabetes-related complications such as blindness, kidney failure, and amputation of limbs.

These goals are accomplished through education, insulin use, meal planning and weight control, exercise, foot care, and careful self-testing of blood glucose levels.