Type 2 Diabetes

Meglitinides- A Medication For Type 2 Diabetes


Meglitinides is an oral medication used to treat Type 2 Diabetes. This medication falls in the same class as other diabetes medication like Prandin or Starlix.

Functioning
Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate the blood sugar levels in the body. The beta cells in the pancreas produce insulin. In patients suffering from type 2 diabetes, the beta cells turn ineffective and the amount of insulin produced is less. As a result, the blood sugar levels in the body increase.

Meglitinides stimulate the beta cells to produce more insulin. This ensures better processing of sugar in the body and brings down the overall blood sugar levels. However, these medicines do not directly reduce the blood sugar levels. This makes Meglitinides inappropriate to treat Type 1 Diabetes.

As compared to other long acting diabetes medications, Meglitinides are more flexible. They are relatively short acting medications and allow you to take your meals on a flexible timing. On the other hand, other diabetes medications require you to eat at fixed timings.

Usage
Meglitinides need to be taken with meals for maximum effect. They need to be taken two to four times, depending upon the eating patterns of the patient. If you skip a meal, then avoid taking the medication too else it could result in serious side effects. This medicine can be used alone or in combination with other medicines.

Safety status
This category of anti diabetes medication does come with its own share of safety status and side effects. Some of the most common side effects of these medicines include low blood sugar or hypoglycemia. Confusion, sweating and shakiness are some common symptoms of hypoglycemia. If you experience any of these symptoms, consume some form of glucose such as juice or milk. Also, make sure that you consult your doctor at the earliest.

Precautions and contraindications


* Meglitinides have the ability to interact with other medications. So, make sure that you tell your doctor about any medicines that you are using.
* Nateglinide, a Meglitinide is slightly less effective as compared to other anti diabetes medications.
* People with Type 1 Diabetes should steer clear of this medicine.
* Any kind of physical stress in the form of an injury or surgery may reduce the efficacy of the medicine. Thus, it is suggested that you stop taking the medicine in course of any kind of physical stress.
* Do not use Meglitinides along with NPH insulin as it could lead to various cardiac problems.
* Obese people should avoid using Repaglinide (a Meglitinide) as it could cause weight gain.
* Meglitinides must be taken only under the surveillance of your health care provider.