Diabetes Basics

What Do ADA Diabetes Treatment Guidelines 2009 Say?

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) provides guidelines to health care professionals every year, so that they can treat diabetes patients as per the most recent research. The ADA goes through all the research work that is published in the span of a year. It then brings forth its conclusions in the form a report that provides medical practitioners with the latest information to treat diabetes effectively.

The recently issued ADA guidelines for 2009 delve into the ways to prevent or delay various diabetes-related complications, including heart disease which is the main reason for death of diabetes patients. Diabetes is a chronic condition that can lead to serious diseases. It frequently causes heart disease and therefore enhances the risk of death due to heart attacks.

The most recent guidelines also provide suggestions regarding the methods to treat high cholesterol and reduce blood pressure and blood glucose. They also provide suggestions on the usage of aspirin and more forceful physician interventions to help people quit smoking. It is essential for diabetes patients to quit smoking because they have high susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases and smoking can worsen these.

It is suggested to use statin, a cholesterol-controlling drug, for diabetes patients more than 40 years old and those who have cholesterol levels equal to or over 135. It was found by a scientific study, known as the Heart Protection Study, which was the biggest-ever cholesterol and diabetes study based on statin. The conclusion of this investigation was that the statin lowers the risk of heart disease or stroke even for diabetes patients with normal cholesterol levels.

This is a very useful piece of information because almost all diabetics above the age of 40 years have cholesterol levels equal to or more than 135. And, several among them do not take statin to reduce cholesterol.

The guidelines provide information on the various types of drugs available to lower blood pressure of diabetes patients and advise an upper limit of 130/80 mmHg. The guidelines further suggest reduction of blood glucose levels, determined by A1C test, to below 7 percent for most diabetes patients and lower than 6 percent for selected few with special conditions. They also advocate the use of aspirin unless conversely advised to a patient.

The latest guidelines, downloadable to a Palm OS Device, address the issue of smoking in diabetes patients extensively. the latest guidelines conclude with the fact that medical practitioners are not paying sufficient attention to the serious risks posed by smoking to diabetes patients.

Thus, the annual revision of these guidelines by the ADA is always a great help for all the health care providers who are able to then guide and treat their diabetic patients better!