Diabetes Basics

The Medical Way Out Of Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes


Basically, there are three types of diabetes- type 1diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. All of them are highly individualized problems which have their own specific solutions.

Along with the medical aid, diabetes treatment involves lifestyle changes, blood sugar control, and proper diet. Your health care provider is the best man to render appropriate guidance on all these aspects, but diabetes treatment is a life long process. Proper knowledge and information about diabetes and its treatment is of paramount importance.

Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes develops when there is a severe lack of insulin, so it's treatment is bound to concentrate on the production of the same. The patients suffering from type 1 diabetes are generally required to take injection of insulin on a daily basis, as part of the treatment. These injections are usually taken with a combination of short-acting insulin such as Lispro or Aspart insulin and a longer acting insulin such as NPH, lente, glargine, detemir, or ultralente insulins.

For better results, insulin is recommended to be taken in the form of injection. The reason being, if it is taken by mouth, insulin would get destroyed in the stomach and would not be able to get into the blood where it is actually required. It is very necessary to know how to give injection to oneself. With the help of a trained professional you can learn how to store and inject the insulin.

Generally, insulin is required to be taken around mealtimes, 2 to 3 times a day. Dosage varies from individual to individual and is tailored by the health care provider.

Some people have their insulin administered by continuous infusion pumps, to provide adequate blood glucose control. Supplemental mealtime insulin is programed into the pump by the individual in accordance with the recommendation of his/ her health care provider. If you have taken insulin, do eat, as the insulin will bring your blood sugar down regardless of whether you have eaten or not. Intake of insulin without eating may lead to the development of hypoglycemia.

Keeping accurate records of blood sugar levels and insulin dosages helps in the success of the treatment. So, don't miss out on it. A balanced healthy diet and regular exercise go a long way in controlling the blood sugar level.

Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is not able to use the insulin in a proper manner. The treatment of the Type 2 diabetes depends on how elevated your blood sugar and how glycosylated your hemoglobin are, when you are diagnosed with it. There is a possibility that you may be given a chance to lower your blood sugar level without the help of any medication.

If you don't want to opt for injection, the best way to do this is by shedding weight (if you are overweight). Taking exercise would be an added excellence.

Try this for 3-6 months. If the blood sugar levels still remain high, you need to go by an oral medication, usually a sulfonylurea or biguanide (Metformin). It helps you control your blood sugar level. Don't skip having healthy diet, even if you are on medication.

Medication is all about helping you control your blood sugar level. You may be given a combination of two types of medications to get your blood sugar level under control. Nowadays, it has become common for people with type 2 diabetes to take a combination of oral medication and insulin injections to control blood sugar.