Diabetes Basics

Use 15-15 Rule to Treat Low Blood Glucose

There are occasions when blood glucose level falls below the normal 70 mg/dl level. However, on occasions the symptoms accompanying low glucose levels in bloodstream can still come up even when your blood glucose level is normal. In such a case, you can use the 15-15 rule to treat it.

Low Blood Glucose- Its Symptoms

The symptoms of low levels of blood glucose are as follows:
* Confusion in head
* Frequent hunger
* Feeling of irritation
* Headache
* Pale expressions
* Rapid heart rate
* Sweaty and shaky palms and hands
* Uncoordinated body movements
* Weakness

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it is best to get your blood glucose levels checked. You can either go to a clinical laboratory for such a test or do it at your home by using a portable blood monitoring device. Once it is indicated that you are experiencing low levels of blood glucose, use the 15-15 method of treating low blood glucose levels.

15-15 Rule to Treat Low Blood Glucose Levels

Step 1: Begin the treatment by having anything rich in carbohydrate. The weight of this food should be equivalent to 15 grams. Things which you could eat are:
* 1 tbsp of jelly or sugar
* 4 ounces of fruit juice
* 4 Dextrose tablets or 3 Glucose tablets
* 7-8 gummy or regular Life Savers
* 5-6 ounces (about 1/2 can) of carbonated beverages such as Pepsi or Coke

Step 2: After you have eaten 15 grams of carbohydrate-rich food, take rest for 15 minutes. After 15 minutes it is time to recheck your blood glucose levels. If the resulting figure is still lower than 70 mg/dl, repeat the above step.

Step 3: If after repeating step 1 you still have a blood glucose reading lower than 70 mg/dl, it is time to have a conversation with a healthcare provider. He/she would be the best help available to assess the reasons for consistent fall in blood glucose levels in your body.

Step 4: However, if the resulting figure after Step 2 turns out to be more than 70 mg/dl and if your next meal is an hour (or more) away, it is best that you eat a carbohydrate rich food in the meantime. This would help you maintain your blood glucose levels higher than 70 mg/dl.

Step 5: If you experience insulin reaction treat it by eating any food from the above mentioned list.

A Word of Caution!

People suffering from Type 1 diabetes and who do not take care of their blood glucose levels may faint. This can be treated by administering the medication called glucagon. Note that it is to be administered by a trained hand. If nobody in the family knows how to do it, it is best to take the services of a health care provider. One side-effect of this medication could be vomiting. This can be avoided by lying on the sides while taking in the medication.