Diabetes Basics

What Exactly Is Diabetic Neuropathy?

Diabetic neuropathy is a name given to nerve disorders which affect the blood vessels and nerves of the body.  Around fifty percent of the people have one or the other form of  diabetic neuropathy. Majority of the people who possess this diabetic complication usually have been suffering from diabetes  for more than twenty five years.

How does this problem  occur?
This occurs mainly due to an inordinately high level of blood glucose and an excessive presence of glycogens. It may occur due to neurovascular factors which result in harm to blood vessels that carry oxygen and other nutrients to the nerves. It may  occur due to life style factors such as smoking or alcoholism. In patients with a low glycogen level, recovery was relatively in a shorter period of time.

Its symptoms
Diabetic neuropathy symptoms may take a lot of time, in some cases a number of years, to be manifested. During the initial stages, the symptoms are minor and usually pass unnoticed. Typical symptoms are numbness, pain in the feet, wasting of the muscles of the feet or hands, nausea or vomiting, problems with urination and weakness.

Its effects include numbness or tingling, diarrhea, weakness, loss of bladder control, drooping facial parts, dizziness, vision changes, even problem in swallowing and or muscle contraction. All of these effects are due to the nerve damage done by diabetes neuropathy.

In extreme cases of this disease, victims can also suffer from hypersensitive skin. Such cases require intensive care and rehabilitation.